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川大外国语 | 英语语言文学:认识启蒙运动新古典主义代表——亚历山大·蒲柏

这是英语语言文学 第6篇 文章


作者简介

作者简介:S学姐,2018年以初试复试高分被四川大学外国语学院英语语言文学专业录取。作为本科亦就读于四川大学英文系的地道经验者,目前正在文彦考研积极辅导19年备考本专业的学弟学妹们。

以下内容是S学姐分享,小彦整理。





继上周约翰·多恩爱情诗《告别辞:莫悲伤》之后,今天一起来探寻18世纪。


18世纪的欧洲是处于启蒙运动时期,是一个“Age of Faith”。18世纪的英国同时也是受到启蒙运动的影响,加之18世纪英国处于一个极速发展时期,该时期的文学作品在整个考试中也相当重要。



-1-

What is Enlightenment?


Enlightenment is an intellectual movement originally emerging in France and then spreading thought the whole Europe in 18th century. 


It was a continuation of Renaissance in belief in the possibility of human perfection through education. 


Rationality, reason,  natural rights and equality became the central concern of this period and became the standard for measurement of everything.


启蒙运动时期还穿插了一个重要的文学思潮,那就是--新古典主义如果考试中问到新古典主义这一流派,如何来答呢?

1. What

2. The features of Neo-classicism

3. Representatives


注意考题是在欧洲文化中来回答还是在英国文学中来回答,在英国文学中来回答的话代表人物是不能写到法国的新古典主义者的。



-2-

What is Neo-classicism?


The Neo-classicism is a tendency of reviving the interests the classical works,classical values and classical themes.The neoclasicists held that forms of literature were to be modeled after the classical works of the ancient Greek and Roman writers,such as Homer. 


Neo-clasicists believe that the artists should be order, logic and restrained emotion,at the same time, the function of the works of artists is to delight,instruct and correct human.Pope,Addison,Steele are the representatives of this school.


在三个代表人物中,Pope is the most important one.



-3-

Alexander Pope

Literary statue


He is a English essayist,critic,satirist,and one of the greatest poets of Enlightenment.


Alexander Pope


As a representative of the Enlightenment,Pope was one of the first to introduce rationalism to England. For him the supreme value was order. His major works are:

1.Essays on Criticism,a poem written in heroic couplets outlining critical tastes and standards.

2.The Rape of the Lock,a mock heroic epic ridiculing the fashionable world of his day.

3.The Dunciad,a satirical poem in 4 books on all the literary vices of his time.
4.Essay on Man,a philosophical poem in heroic couplets.


Among these works, the most important one is The Rape of the Lock in which describes a noble young man cuts a curl of a noble woman causing the conflict of two families, which becomes the gossip of the upper class. 


《The Rape of the Lock》


This work gives a bitter satire on  meaningless life of the lords and ladies in the aristocratic society in the 18th century.

 

亚历山大·蒲柏是新古典主义的代表人物,也是常考到的一个作家,他对上层社会的讽刺和对整个资产阶级的批判是非常具有代表性的。因此在复习中一定要注意到他讽刺性。


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